Composting is the managed and faster natural breakdown (decomposition) process of select organic waste you can do at home to reduce waste. Microorganisms break down select materials into compost with the presence of carbon, nitrogen, air, and water.

Benefits of Composting - Institute for Local Self-Reliance

Below you can see what types of waste our residents produce (based household averages from 2017 Composition Study).

Composting Pie Chart


What to Compost?

(Carbon Rich - Energy Source)
(Nitrogen Rich - Protein Source)
Branches & Twigs (chopped) Citrus Peels & Rinds (add sparingly)

Brown Paper Bags (shredded)

Coffee Grounds

Cork (natural only)

Feathers & Fur

Egg Cartons (cardboard)

Fruits & Vegetables (remove stickers)

Eggshells (crushed & rinsed)

Grains & Hops

Hay, Leaves, & Straw (dry)

Hair (no dye, extensions, or petroleum products)

Pet Bedding (healthy gerbil, guinea pig, hamster, & rabbit)

House Plants

Newspaper (shredded)

Manure (healthy herbivore waste)

Paper & Cardboard (shredded, uncoated, sticker & tape free)

Nail Clippings (no acrylics or polish)
Paper Coffee Filters Non-Woody Pruning
Paper Towel & Toilet Paper Rolls Nut shells (except walnuts)
Sawdust (untreated wood) Spent Flowers
Shrub Pruning Tea Grounds & Leaves (no staples)
Wood Ash (untreated wood, add sparingly)  Weeds without mature seeds (only non-invasive)


Items to Avoid

Bioplastics Diseased or Insect-Ridden Plants Grass Clippings
Bones & Meat Dryer & Vacuum Lint Medications
Cat Litter & Dog Feces Eggs & Dairy Products Paper Products (Glossy, Coated)
Cigarettes Fat, Grease, Lard & Oil Particle Board
Coal & Charcoal Ash Glass, Metal, & Plastic

Plants Treated with Pesticides

UF IFAS logo

Thank you to the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF IFAS) for their continued support and research contributions to our City programs. UF continues to be a leader in organics management and food waste prevention; our team continues to learn, adapt, and implement education based on their standards and research. For more information on their conservation and education programs visit: UF IFAS.